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Different climatic types are seen in different parts of Azerbaijan, which are mostly located on the subtropical climate zone. In the country with a temperate climate, the area around the Caspian is rainy, while the higher sections of the country are snowy in winter. The weather is dry and hot in summer. The best period for touristic visits is between April and October. The average temperature in the country is +15°C, while this drops to 0°C in the mountainous regions. The average temperature in July is +5°C in high sections and +27°C in lower sections, while the temperature in January is -10 to +3°C.​ Azerbaijan, which has 9 of the world’s 11 climates has a favorable climatic diversity both for summer tourism and winter tourism. On that sense, holiday lovers can experience a unique skiing experience in the foothills of the Caucasus in the winter months while enjoying the golden sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea in summer in Azerbaijan.




Azerbaijan has a rich and diverse flora. It is possible to come across a large number of Caucasian plant examples in Azerbaijan. The country has almost 4,500 species in total, 240 of which are special only for this locality. For example, the Karabakh tulip, Hazar saffron, Calabrian pine, and many other plant species grow only in Azerbaijan.




In addition to its rich flora, Azerbaijan also has many natural areas protected by the state. About 300,000 hectares of land, more than 10 percent of its territory, are home to more than 12,000 animal species in 8 national parks. Wild rabbits, wolves, foxes, jackals and gazelles live in these natural areas. They have Kura and Asian valleys, wild boars, roe-deer, and badgers. In the mountains, it is possible to encounter the fallow deer, mountain goats, lynxes, wild sheep, and even leopards. It is especially a paradise for birdwatchers. Partridges, grouse, pheasants, ducks, and swans as well as very rare bird species are found in Azerbaijan fauna. Waterfowl such as pelicans, herons, flamingos, and cormorants that migrate in winter can be encountered extensively.

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